According to Cancer Council Australia, skin cancers account for around 80 per cent of all newly diagnosed cancers each year, with two thirds of Australians being diagnosed with skin cancer by the time they are 70 years of age.
Almost 2100 Australians died from skin cancer in 2011.
Despite these statistics, the positive news is that skin cancer is largely preventable and can be treated successfully, if diagnosed early.
This week (16 – 22 November 2014) marks Skin Cancer Action Week, designed to encourage Australians to take action against skin cancer by heeding the message Slip, Slop, Slap, Seek and Slide.
To prevent skin cancer, all Australians are advised to:
- Slip on sun-protective clothing
- Slop on SPF50+ broad spectrum water resistant sunscreen 20 minutes before you go outdoors and every two hours afterwards
- Slap on a hat that protects your face, head, neck and ears
- Seek shade
- Slide on sunglasses (ensure they meet the Australian standard).
Types of skin cancer
There are three types of skin cancer:
- Basal cell carcinoma — This is the most common form of skin cancer but the least dangerous. They usually don’t spread to other parts of the body.
- Squamous cell carcinoma — These usually appear on areas of the skin exposed to sunlight. They can spread to other parts of the body.
- Melanoma — This is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and is the most common cancer in Australia’s 15 to 44 year olds. It is usually curable if it is detected early. However, it can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
Signs and symptoms
The earlier you seek treatment for skin cancer, the higher the success rate, so see your health care professional if you notice any of the following:
- A spot that looks different from others around it
- A section of skin that appears red, scaly or thickened.
- A new or unusual looking mole, freckle or sore
- A spot, mole or freckle that has changed in colour, shape or size, or has become itchy or bleeds
- The spot that has borders which are not smooth and regular but uneven or notched
Remember, protecting your skin is the best way to prevent skin cancer, so this summer make sure you stay SunSmart.